EM•1 Microbial Inoculant
(EM: Effective Microorganisms)
EM•1 is the liquid containing the three groups of microbes that define EM, Effective Microorganisms. The species of microbes listed in each group below are for the U.S. version of EM•1 (see The microbes in EM, PDF 1 page, 10/30/2010). In other countries, the species may differ, but the three groups should be represented.
- Lactic acid bacteria — the same ones found in sauerkraut, yogurt, sourdough bread:
Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus delbrueckii, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus plantarum, and Bacillus subtilis.
- Yeast — the same one used by bakers, and beer and wine brewers:
- Phototrophic bacteria — a natural detoxifier found in soil and water, and found in worm castings:
Where to get EM•1: The national distributor for the U.S. is TeraGanix, Inc. You can buy it from them at teraganix.com or from one of their resellers listed on their website — the list may not be up-to-date, in which case you can call or email them or do a search for the following product names.
EM•1 under different names:
- EM•1 Microbial Inoculant
- EM•1 Waste Treatment
- EM•1 Septic Treatment
- TeraGanix EM-1 Plant Growth, Microbial Inoculant Concentrate
- TeraGanix Compost Accelerator, Liquid Compost Starter Concentrate / Compost Activator
Quantity sizes available:
- 16 fl oz (1/2 quart) bottle
- 32 fl oz (1 quart) bottle
- 1 gallon jug
- 5-gallon cubitainer (soft plastic cube-shaped container in a heavy-duty cardboard box)
- 55-gallon drum
- 275-gallon tote.
In the following Table 1, the amounts of bokashi produced are based on the 1:1:100 ratio, that is, 1 part EM•1 : 1 part blackstrap molasses : 100 parts water.
|Quantity of EM•1||Can produce amount (lbs) of |
wheat bran bokashi sprinkle
|Can treat up to |
amount in lbs
of food waste
|or amount in tons|
of food waste
|16 fl oz (1/2 qt)||200 lbs||6,600 lbs||3.3 tons|
|32 fl oz (1 qt)||400 lbs||13,200 lbs||6.6 tons|
|1 gallon (128 fl oz)||1600 lbs||52,800 lbs||26.4 tons|
|5-gallon (640 fl oz)||8000 lbs||264,000 lbs||132 tons|
In the following Table 2, the amounts of Activated EM produced are based on the 1:1:20 ratio, that is, 1 part EM•1 : 1 part blackstrap molasses : 20 parts total volume of the bottle (see How to Make Activated EM under Materials).
|Quantity of EM•1||Can produce this amount of Activated EM (bokashi spray)||in gallons||Can treat up to this amount in lbs of food waste sprayed at 8 fl oz/33 lbs||amount in tons of food waste||Can water plants with Activated EM if at 1 fl oz/gallon of water|
|16 fl oz (1/2 qt)||320 fl oz||2.5 gal.||1,320 lbs||0.66 ton||320 gallons|
|32 fl oz (1 qt)||640 fl oz||5 gal.||2,640 lbs||1.32 ton||640 gallons|
|1 gallon (128 fl oz)||2,560 fl oz||20 gal.||10,560 lbs||5.28 tons||2,560 gallons|
|5-gallon (640 fl oz)||12,800 fl oz||100 gal.||52,800 lbs||26.4 tons||12,800 gallons|
Availability outside of the U.S.: for Canada, look for Sold by TeraGanix in Amazon Canada (amazon.ca); for Hawaii, visit emhawaii.com; for other countries, see Find Your Local on emrojapan.com.
Note. This website is not affiliated with TeraGanix, EM Hawaii, EM Research Organization, EMRO, nor EMROUSA.